THE JUDO GOKYO

The Gokyo no Waza is the standard syllabus of judo throws, as revised by the Kodokan in 1920, in Tokyo, Japan.

The Gokyo is made up of a total of 40 throws (5 groups of 8 techniques) – and they are all listed below.

Gifs kindly provided by Koka Kids.

Lets begin - Hajime!

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Dai-ikkyo

Group 1 of the Gokyo

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Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi

1. Create movement by quickly stepping to the side and pulling uke into the space you leave behind​

2. Use the sole of your foot to block uke’s forward step

3. Turn your head and look towards where you want to throw

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O-goshi

1. Pull uke onto tip toes to break balance to the front

2. As you turn in, leg go of your grip on the collar and reach around uke’s waist

3. Lift using your legs and finish the throw rotating uke onto their back

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Dai-nikyo

Group 2 of the Gokyo

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Koshi-guruma

1. Let go of the grip you have on uke’s collar and reach around the back of uke’s neck

2. Turn in, slipping your hips across uke’s body

3. Throw, lifting with your legs and using the grip around uke’s head to direct your partner over your hip and towards the tatami

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Tai-otoshi

1. Break uke’s balance. Get uke moving towards you. Be ready as uke takes a step forward

2. As uke steps forward, stick your leg out to block their pathway. Don’t make contact. Your leg should be a short distance in front of uke’s leg

3. As uke trips over your leg, use your hands to steer the direction. Pull the sleeve outwards and drive upwards under uke’s chin with the lapel grip

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Dai-sankyo

Group 3 of the Gokyo

This group includes the following throws:

Ko-soto-gake
Tsuri-goshi
Yoko-otoshi
Ashi-guruma
Hane-goshi
Harai-tsurikomi-ashi
Tomoe-nage
Kata-guruma

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Di-ashi-barai

1. Break Balance. Make uke step forwards with one foot by pulling sharply on the sleeve

2. Use the sole of your foot to sweep uke’s foot out smoothly. Attack just before uke places his foot on the tatami

3. Continue the movement, pulling upwards with your arms, and controlling uke’s fall

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Uki-goshi

1. Let go of your grip on the collar and grab uke around their waist

2. Attack using the side of your hip, aiming to lift uke off the ground

3. Throw uke off to one side

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O-uchi-gari

1. Place your leg in between uke’s legs and hook uke’s calf

2. Reap uke’s leg towards you. Drive backwards, using power from your support leg

3. Control the direction of the technique, using your grip on uke’s collar to steer their head and upper body

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Ko-soto-gari

1. Pull uke towards you so they take a step forward and place their full weight onto their foot

2. Use the sole of your foot. Hook the outside of uke’s ankle and smoothly pull uke’s foot forwards

3. Control uke’s fall towards the mat. Steer uke backwards, using your grip on the lapel and sleeve

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Tsurikomi-goshi

1. Pull uke so they take a couple of steps towards you. Pull them upwards onto their tip toes as you do

2. Turn in. Instead of tucking your elbow in, leave your arm up straight. (If this feels awkward, then you’re doing it right!)

3. Keep driving upwards with your arm, as you slip your hips in. Throw uke over the top. Bend at your knees and keep your back as straight as you can

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Harai-goshi

1. Pull uke onto tip toes

2. As you turn in, keep pulling the sleeve outwards

3. Sweep upwards with your attacking leg, making contact with the outside of uke’s thigh.

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Dai-yonkyo

Group 4 of the Gokyo

This group includes the following throws:

Sumi-gaeshi
Tani-otoshi
Hane-makikomi
Sukui-nage
Utsuri-goshi
O-guruma
Soto-makikomi
Uki-otoshi

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Hiza-garuma

1. Break uke’s balance, pulling sharply on the sleeve, as you move sideways. Aim to get uke to take a step forwards, in a semi-circle

2. Block uke’s pathway of movement, using the sole of your foot to block uke’s knee just below the kneecap

3. Keep the momentum going, pulling uke over his blocked knee, in a smooth, circular movement

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O-soto-gari

1. Step wide with your support leg, to pull uke’s weight onto the side you are going to attack

2. Swing your attack leg past uke’s legs, then bring your leg back fast to reap out uke’s leg from under him

3. Control the head and pull down on the sleeve, to power the throw backwards

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Morote-seoi-nage

1. Pull uke forwards making sure you break their balance as you do

2. Turn in, tucking your elbow under uke’s bicep

3. Lift uke, making sure you use your legs to drive upwards. Finish the throw rotating uke onto their back by pulling on the sleeve, and lowering your upper body

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Kouchi-gari

1. Pull uke towards you. Make them take a step forward and place their weight onto their foot

2. Use the sole of your foot. Scoop uke’s foot, attacking the inside leg, just above ankle height. Pull uke’s foot towards you

3. Drive backwards. Push upwards, under uke’s chin using the grip you have on the lapel

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Okuri-ashi-barai

1. Make uke move to the side

2. Just as uke’s legs come together sweep them out from underneath uke. Use the sole of your foot. Keep the movement fluid and smooth

3. Don’t forget to use your hands! Lift uke’s body upwards.

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Uchi-mata

1. Pull uke forwards onto their tip toes to break your partner’s balance

2. Step in with your support leg. Aim to make contact with your hip just below uke’s belt

3. Sweep upwards with your attacking leg, making contact with the inner thigh

4. Look where you want to throw and finish the technique with control.

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Dai-gokyo

Group 5 of the Gokyo

This group includes the following throws:

O-soto-guruma
Uki-waza
Yoko-wakare
Yoko-guruma
Ushiro-goshi
Ura-nage
Sumi-otoshi
Yoko-gake

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